a) The nature of the effect and the sensitivity of the environment that would be impacted by the
b) The financial implications, and the effects on the environment, of that option when compared
with other options;
c) The current state of technical knowledge and the likelihood that the option can be successfully
d) The implications of that option on matters of significance (social, cultural, spiritual,
environmental, or economical) to Waikato-Tainui.
whaanau, marae, and hapuu. The magnitude of the benefit should be commensurate with the scale of the
activity. Community benefit should accrue to the communities close to the proposed or existing activity.
For the purposes of this Plan, ‘community benefit’ does not mean individual benefit by way of employment,
contracting, or engagement of local community members and businesses.
avoided, then remedied, then minimised, then mitigated, or balanced. Only Waikato-Tainui can determine,
for Waikato-Tainui, if an adverse effect has been suitably managed. In some cases the Plan states an ideal
outcome for an effect, such as to avoid the effect – this is intentional. Refer to Chapter 8, “Whakatikihia ngaa
hua – managing effects” for more information.
descended from a common ancestor.
balance and integral relationship between all natural resources. Waikato-Tainui learnt and long recognised
that, in order for the environment to sustain life, people in turn, had to protect and sustain the environment.
Waikato-Tainui strives to ensure that kaitiakitanga is inherent in all its actions. Responsible kaitiakitanga
includes the care, protection, and/or sustainable use of resources. Responsible kaitiakitanga includes
Waikato-Tainui whaanau, marae, hapuu, and entities sustainably using the resources within their respective
includes the body of knowledge originating from Maaori ancestors, including the Maaori worldview and
perspectives, Maaori creativity, and cultural and spiritual practices. As an organic and living knowledge
base, maatauranga Maaori is ever growing and expanding.
Waikato-Tainui rohe over many generations. Mana whakahaere authority entails the exercise of rights and
responsibilities to ensure that the balance and mauri (life force) of the rohe is maintained. It is based in
recognition that if we care for the environment, the environment will continue to sustain the people. In
customary terms mana whakahaere is the exercise of control, access to, and management of resources
within the Waikato-Tainui rohe in accordance with tikanga. For Waikato-Tainui, mana whakahaere has long
been exercised under the mana of the Kiingitanga.
include groups with mana whakahaere over rivers and fresh water bodies (mana awa) and/or with mana
whakahaere over marine environments (mana moana).
house), wharekai (dining room), whareiti (ablution blocks), whare (other houses or structures). May also
include a papakaainga.
have mauri. Waikato-Tainui is intrinsically linked to the environment and so the mauri of the environment
effects and is affected by the mauri of Waikato-Tainui. Having an effect on the environment’s mauri has a
corresponding effect on the mauri of Waikato-Tainui.
significance. ‘Papakaainga’ also means contemporary or ancient marae or paa sites with or without
accompanying residences or buildings. The extent of individual papakaainga should be determined in
consultation with Waikato-Tainui and is not necessarily confined to multiple owned Maaori land.
or with a resource. A method of managing behaviour and resources.
and includes the related invasion, hostilities, war, loss of life, destruction of taonga and property, and the
consequent suffering, distress, and deprivation suffered by Waikato-Tainui.
regional authority, or a network utility operator approved by the Minister for the Environment.
marae and hapuu.
Under the Waikato-Tainui Accord with the Ministry for Culture and Heritage, ‘taonga tuku iho’ is defined as those things that are highly prized and derived from iwi, hapuu and whaanau. They are whakapapa connected and are passed on from one generation to the next. This includes:
a) tangible objects such as types of heirlooms, artefacts, carvings, land and fisheries; and
b) intangible substance such as language, spiritual beliefs, ideas and metaphysical gifts.
to Waikato-Tainui means those sites of significance that are highly prized. They are areas (lands, waters and space) which exhibit the following:
a) Cultural importance such as areas for cultural and spiritual purification, cleansing and/or ceremonial purposes, activities, natural places, fisheries and food gathering sites;
b) Historical importance such as areas where significant battles occurred, significant and/or Kiingitanga events;
c) Tribal importance such as existing and historical marae, papakaainga (communities), urupaa (burial grounds), tuahu (monuments), and areas of celebration; and/or
d) Archaeological importance including areas where taonga tuku iho are discovered.
of current or historical significance for purposes such as, but not limited to maara kai (gardens), waahi noho
(residential sites), and sites of commerce.
recognised as being affiliated to a Waikato-Tainui marae, hapuu, or iwi only if that marae, hapuu, or iwi
recognises that affiliation. ‘Waikato-Tainui’ also, where the context allows, includes the various organisations
or bodies that Waikato-Tainui establishes to manage the individual and collective affairs of Waikato-Tainui.
This includes, but is not limited to committees, trusts, or other organisations for marae, hapuu, management
committees, clusters of the same, the relevant iwi authority or its delegated body, and other structures that,
from time to time, Waikato-Tainui may establish to consider matters of relevance under this Plan.
fostering, or other close relationship.